HEART MATTERS
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HEART ATTACK
Although men tend to develop heart disease earlier in life, women's risk is almost the same as men after 65 year old, as they share many common risk factors, such as smoking, high blood pressure and high cholesterol.

As with men, women's most common heart attack symptom is chest pain (angina) or discomfort, which usually lasts more than a few minutes or goes away and comes back. But women are somewhat more likely to experience other symptoms than man, such as:
Pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach
Shortness of breath with or without chest discomfort
Breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea or light-headedness
Women who believe they are healthy often misread the symptoms of a heart attack because they do not think it would happen to them. So, recognise these symptoms of a heart attack and take charge of your heart health now!
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF STROKE
Women are at a higher risk of stroke than men. This risk increases when they smoke or have any of the following conditions: pre-eclampsia during pregnancy, migraines with aura and atrial fibrillation. Women also face higher stroke risk during pregnancy, when they consume birth control pills or use hormone replacement therapy.

There are two main types of stroke – Ischaemic and Haemorrhagic stroke. Ischaemic stroke occurs due to an obstruction within a blood vessel supplying blood to the brain, and it accounts for about 80% of all stroke cases in Singapore. Haemorrhagic stroke occurs when one or more blood vessels in the brain rupture.

Time is of the essence in stroke treatment – it is important to learn and recognise the symptoms of a stroke and respond quickly. A simple way to recognise stroke symptoms is to remember F.A.S.T.
F: Face drooping – is the person's smile uneven?
A: Arm weakness – can the person raise both arms and keep them up?
S: Speech difficulty – Is the speech slurred? Is the person unable to speak or hard to understand?
T: Time to call 995 – if the person shows any of the above signs, they need to be rushed to the hospital immediately.
Other symptoms of a stroke may include:
Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body
Sudden trouble seeing or blurred vision in one or both eyes
Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
Sudden severe headache with no known cause
If you have any of these signs, it is important to call 9-9-5 and get to a hospital right away. Do not hesitate to seek medical advice as every second counts.